What Is the Basic Life Support (BLS) Certification?



Most people are familiar with CPR and First Aid certification programs. These are basic, foundational certifications that are required – or strongly recommended – for a wide range of professionals, from lifeguards and daycare providers to police officers and medical health professionals.

It may come as a surprise then when you go to apply for one of these jobs – typically one that involves some aspect of direct health or medical care – and see the job requirements include a BLS (Basic Life Support) certification. What is that all about?

What Is a Basic Life Support (BLS) Certification?

The BLS certification is available from the American Heart Association (AHA). It is almost identical to a CPR class but it is ultimately geared towards healthcare providers. In fact, you may even see courses or information pertaining to Basic Life Support (BLS) for Healthcare Professionals, which is the same thing.

These courses take the traditional CPR course and go a bit more in-depth when it comes to things like:

  • CPR in a healthcare or medically-oriented environments.

  • Improvement of chest compression fraction.

  • Realistic scenarios, simulations, and animations depicting rescuers, teams, and patients

  • CPR when administered as a team, which is touched on in basic CPR but requires more emphasis for healthcare professionals.

  • AED instruction.

  • Additional medical support information such as administering oxygen masks, splinting breaks and bleeding control.

These courses are available in multiple formats, including instructor-led and online courses. These courses are called HeartCode® BLS. Part of the course is held online but participants must still schedule an appointment to meet with a certified BLS instructor to complete the hands-on portion of the testing and training before attendees are administered their Completion Card.

The information in this article pertains solely to standard, instructor-led courses.

BLS certification courses provide what the AHA refers to as high-quality CPR training for adults, children and infants. This goes into greater nuance in regards to CPR fundamentals. Additionally, the course includes information about the AHA chain of survival that encompasses six different links spanning from the early intervention from a CPR or BLS trained individual, through the post-resuscitation period.

It also includes information and hands-on training regarding the use of AEDs (automated external defibrillators), providing adequate ventilation through various barrier devices and how to identify and how to assess and remove foreign-body airway obstructions for adults and infants.

BLS Classes Focus on Team Rescue Situations

Finally, BLS courses spend time discussing the importance of teams in scenarios where multi-rescuer resuscitation is a possibility, and how participants can be highly effective team members if and when they encounter a multi-rescuer situation.