Emergency first-aid: Learn the basics on how to perform CPR


Emergency first-aid: Learn the basics on how to perform CPR
Emergency first-aid: Learn the basics on how to perform CPR


CPR is an emergency technique that combines the use of chest compressions and artificial ventilation to maintain blood supply to the brain. It helps sustain intact brain function until further treatment is done


  • A survey conducted by an online doctor consultation platform indicates that about 98% of the country’s population is not trained in the basic life-saving technique of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR).


  • CPR is the most crucial and basic procedure to save a life in the event of a sudden cardiac arrest.


  • CPR is easy to learn and easy to do and one does not need to be a doctor or be certified in this technique to do CPR.


What is cardiac arrest?

The heart has an internal electrical system that controls the rhythm of the heart. A problem in this system may cause a cardiac arrest. It may cause the heart to stop pumping blood to the brain and other parts of the body.



A person who suffers a cardiac arrest becomes unconscious and stops breathing. A cardiac arrest usually has no symptoms, but without immediate treatment, it can be fatal.



The most common causes of cardiac arrest include coronary heart disease, heart attack, and heart conduction disorders, among others. The other causes include severe haemorrhage, near-drowning, drug overdose, electrocution, and suffocation.



During a cardiac arrest, it is vital to maintain the blood supply to the brain. If CPR is not initiated in time, the person might die within a few minutes.


What is cardiopulmonary resuscitation