Tobacco and Cardiovascular Diseases

Updated: Oct 11, 2021

Tobacco and Cardiovascular Diseases

Coronary heart disease (blockages in arteries of the heart) is among the leading causes of death in India. Contrary to public perception, smoking-caused heart disease actually results in more deaths per year than smoking-caused lung cancer. Thirty percent of all heart disease deaths are caused by cigarette smoking and smoking is the single largest preventable cause of heart disease. In India, smoking is in many forms like cigarette smoking, bidi smoking, hookah smoking and tobacco chewing like khaini, jarda etc. and tobacco in all forms has been shown to be detrimental to cardiovascular system.

Globally, tobacco use accounts for 6 million deaths every year which is projected to increase to 8 million by 2030, if preventive measures are not in place. It is estimated that 11% of total global adult (30 years of age) cardiovascular deaths were attributable to smoking in 2000. This proportion was higher in men (17%) than women (5%) and industrialized (16%) over developing (7%) countries. India is the second largest consumer with more than one-third of adults (35%) using tobacco in some form or other and of which 21% using smokeless form exclusively. Though the mean age of initiation of daily users is 17.8 years, the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) reported that tobacco use begins as early as 10 years of age in both boys and girls

Cigarette smoking is responsible for 40% of heart disease in those under 65 years of age in United States. Thirty percent of all heart disease deaths each year are caused by cigarette smoking.

  • Light smoking (1-4 cigarettes a day) caused an increase in coronary artery disease to 11% compared to only 3.7% for nonsmokers.

  • Smoking increased the risk of stroke by 40% in men and 60% in women.

  • Smoking increases the risks for the following diseases.

Contemporary Medical Treatments

The field of medical science today has a plethora of contemporary treatments that can help cure a broad spectrum of urinary diseases. Some of the most effective treatments are as follows:-

  • Vaginal reconstructive surgeries such as Mesh augmented repairs, simple fascial repairs, Sacrospinous ligament fixation, etc.

  • Miduretheral/Pubovaginal slings.

  • Vaginal/abdominal hysterectomies.

  • Minimally invasive (Robotic/Laparoscopic) reconstructive surgeries.

  • Fascial grafts.

  • Abdominal reconstructive surgeries.

  • Steroid/Botulinum toxin injections.

  1. Hypertension

  2. Ischemic heart disease

  3. Pulmonary heart disease

  4. Cardiac arrest

  5. Cerebrovascular disease

  6. Atherosclerosis

  7. Aortic aneurysm